Rosh Hodesh Shevat


Tu Bi’Shevat, the fifteenth day of the Hebrew month of Shevat, once was merely a tax deadline; that is, trees whose fruit had to be tithed to the temple in the fourth year of their growth were counted another year older on that date. However, the mystics of Sfat, the holy mountainous city in Israel, created a “seder” for the fifteenth day of Shevat. For them, the “birthday of trees” was a day to celebrate God, whom they saw as a great tree reaching down from heaven. The Tu Bi’Shevat seder honored the four levels on which the mystics perceived Godly and human reality: assiyah, the physical self, the earth, or the Divine Presence among us; y’tzirah, the emotional self, the watery, the Holy One to whom we direct our prayers; b’riyah, the intellectual self, the air, the hidden and creative Divine; and atzilut, the spiritual self, the fire, or the very essence of God. The kabbalists quoted the biblical verse ha-adam etz ha-sadeh, literally meaning: “Is the human a tree of the field?” and read it, “A human is a tree of the field.” They saw the world, God, and themselves as shaped like trees. Later, Tu Bi’Shevat became a time to celebrate the land of Israel and its fruits.

Yet there is a Talmudic passage that some rabbis believed the date of the birthday of the trees was the first of Shevat. Women, or women and men, who celebrate Rosh Hodesh together as a sacred time can honor that minority opinion by engaging in a “Rosh Hodesh Shevat seder.” The Tu b’Shevat seder celebrates the multiple faces of God, and the fruits of the land this Rosh Hodesh Shevat seder will revive the facets of our souls as we prepare for spring. Instead of a seder of taste, this will be a seder of fragrances. Just as we smell spices to enliven us at the end of havdalah, we will use our sense of smell to wake us up to the worlds around us and the worlds within us. Together we will make a spiritual “perfume” for the new spring that will shortly arrive. In Jewish mysticism, the scent represents the soul.

Decorate the space with flowers, and place a particularly beautiful and good-smelling flower in the center of the table. Begin your seder by sitting in a circle on the floor or gathering at a table. Chant a niggun, or sing a song with natural imagery in it. Invite every participant to say her name. Introduce the “seder” by saying that the seder will have four stages relating to four ways of scenting the world.

First FragranceThe Earth/The World Around Us

Questions for the group to discuss:

What kind of smells do we associate with the outside? With winter? How do smells begin to change when spring arrives? Is there a particular smell we associate with spring every year? Are there any people present who can’t smell most smells? Who smell very acutely? How does this influence how they experience the world? Do the natural smells we love get swallowed up by man-made things like asphalt? Does the society around us value intangible things like smell?

Ask each participant to name a smell she personally wants to do something to protect. Put all of these scents on a paper “scroll” of “ingredients” for the “perfume” the group is creating.

Place a cinnamon stick, myrtle branch, apple blossom branch, or other fragrant wood in front of each person. Ask each person to smell the object carefully and take in its scent.

Then say the blessing over fragrant woods:

בְּרוּכָה אַתְּ יָהּ רוּחַ הָעוֹלָם, בּוֹרֵאת מִינֵי בְשָׂמִים 

B’rukhah at Yah ruakh ha-olam boreit minei v’samim.

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ אֱלֹהֵֽינוּ מֶֽלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם בּוֹרֵא מִינֵי בְשָׂמִים

Barukh attah Adonay Eloheynu melekh ha-olam borei minei v’samim.

Blessed are You, God, Spirit of the Universe, who creates fragrant trees.

Second FragranceThe Water/The Feelings that Flow Through Us

Questions for the Group to Discuss:

The Talmud quotes Genesis, telling us that when Isaac smelled his son Jacob, he said: “See, the smell of my son is as the smell of a field which God has blessed.” The Talmud says that this is the smell of an apple orchard (Taanit 29b). Isaac smells apple blossoms when he smells his son. What smells do we associate with the blessings of our loved ones? What kinds of memories and feelings do we associate with smell?

Ask people to work in pairs. Ask one person in a pair to share, for two or three minutes, a memory of someone they love associated with a smell, to make the memory as concrete as possible to the other person. The other person should listen. Then they should switch. Or else, have each person share different smell-memories with the larger group.

Place an apple, orange, or other fragrant fruit in front of each person.

Then say the b’rakhah over fragrant fruit.

בְּרוּכָה אַתְּ יָהּ רוּחַ הָעוֹלָם נוֹתֶנֶת רֵיחַ טוֹב בַּפֵּרוֹת

B’rukhah at Yah ruakh ha-olam notenet reyakh tov ba-perot.

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה אֲדֹנָי אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם נוֹתֵן רֵיחַ טוֹב בַּפֵּרוֹת

Barukh attah Adonay Eloheynu melekh ha-olam notein reyakh tov ba-perot.

Blessed are you, God, Spirit of the Universe, who gives to fruits a good fragrance.

If you wish, you can ask people to eat the fruit, adding a sense. If you do so, say the blessing over eating a fruit: B’rukhah at Yah, Eloheinu ruach ha-olam,boreit pri ha-etz or Barukh attah Adonai, Eloheinu melekh ha-olam, borei pri ha-etz.

Third FragranceThe Wind/The Inner Truths

There is a midrash about Sukkot that tells us that the etrog, the citron, represents those who are fragrant with good deeds. Scent can represent the intangible, the world of thought, as well as something real. The Talmud teaches: “At every word that went forth from the Holy One’s mouth at Sinai, the whole world was filled with the fragrance of spices …the Holy One brought forth the wind from God’s store-chambers and caused the fragrance of each word to pass on, so that each new word would smell fresh. This is why it says in the Song of Songs: His lips are like roses.” (Shabbat 88b) In our tradition, even God has a smell. What could God’s smell be?

Break the group into three. Give each group pencils, crayons, paper, and any other decorating materials you wish. Ask them to come up with a name for God’s perfume, what that perfume smells like, what its ingredients are, and what kind of bottle it comes in. They have ten minutes to come up with these ideas and draw a picture of the bottle. Have each group present their perfume.

(An alternate to this activity is to gather biblical or Talmudic sayings about smell and teach them to the group, or to discuss the role of smell in the week’s parashah.)

Now place a rose or rose petals in each person’s bowl, or another fragrant “herb” (something that grows in the ground but is not a tree). Ask them to smell the rose and recite the blessing:

בְּרוּכָה אַתְּ יָהּ רוּחַ הָעוֹלָם בּוֹרֵאת עִשְׂבֵי בְשָׂמִים 

B’rukhah at Yah ruakh ha-olam boreit isvey v’samim.

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה אֲדֹנָי אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם בּוֹרֵא עִשְׂבֵי בְשָׂמִים 

Barukh attah Adonay Eloheynu melekh ha-olam borey isvey v’samim.

Blessed are You, God, Spirit of the Universe, who creates fragrant grasses.

Fourth FragranceThe Inner Flame

This final fragrance cannot be physically represented; it is the essence of our being. We must call it to mind inside of us. We will meditate on the scent of our souls.


Imagine that you are walking down a path somewhere outside in a forest, on a beach, in a garden of flowers. You smell a wonderful smell that causes you to change direction and walk toward the smell. As you approach the source of the smell, you see where it is coming from. What you see before you is a mystical representation of your soul it could be a tree, a flower, a seashell, an animal, a building anything at all. Go up to your soul and examine it. What do you like about it? What parts of it trouble you? What kind of nourishment does it need? Smell your soul. Take in its scent and see what it reminds you of. Ask it for a gift that it can give you. Then say goodbye to your soul and walk back down the path.

We recite the final b’rakhah, the b’rakhah over mixed spices, over our own inner fragrances:

בְּרוּכָה אַתְּ יָהּ רוּחַ הָעוֹלָם בּוֹרֵאת עִשְׂבֵי בְשָׂמִים 

B’rukhah at Yah ruakh ha-olam boreyt isvey v’samim.

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה אֲדֹנָי אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם בּוֹרֵא עִשְׂבֵי בְשָׂמִים 

Barukh attah Adonay Eloheynu melekh ha-olam borey isvey v’samim.

Blessed are You, God, Spirit of the Universe, who creates many kinds of spices.


May these scents and any others that we need come to us throughout the year. May they perfume our lives and enliven our days, and may they remind us of the scent of the Garden of Eden and the incense of the holy Temple. May we sniff out good wherever it may be, and always be tolerant of the scents of others around us. May this be Your will. Amen.

End with a song or niggun, and serve good-smelling snacks!

This image was painted by Betsy Teutsch. Find her kavanah cards and other artwork at


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