When we began planning a wedding during the summer of 2019, we told each other that our priorities for the wedding were the music and dancing and celebrating with all of our friends and family. What we failed to mention in that conversation was that our true priority was to marry each other. Ten days before our scheduled mid-March 2020 wedding date, it became clear that neither music and dancing nor getting married in front of our whole community was a safe or responsible option due to COVID-19. Though we had hoped to simply put off the wedding for a short time, it became clear that postponing meant putting the wedding on indefinite hold. We therefore decided to A writ of divorce. Traditionally, only a man can grant his wife a get. Liberal Jews have amended this tradition, making divorce more egalitarian. married in a small ceremony with our parents, siblings, and grandparents. Our goal was to be legally married according to Jewish law while preserving rituals for a larger communal celebration when it is safe to gather in large groups.
Ours was an egalitarian, heterosexual wedding ceremony. We used Gordon Tucker’s The Jewish wedding contract. Traditionally, the ketubah protected the wife in marriage by spelling out the husband's obligations to her and guaranteeing her a financial settlement in case of divorce. Throughout the ages, ketubot (plural) have been illuminated and calligraphed, becoming significant as Jewish art. Today, all manner of egalitarian ketubot are written. Some dispense with the financial and legal aspects, focusing more on the emotional and spiritual sides of the relationship. Others maintain the rabbis' concern with the practical, but define mutual obligations for each spouse. and ring ceremony with words added in from Lavan's younger daughter and Jacob's beloved wife second wife (after he is initially tricked into marrying her older sister, Leah). Rachel grieves throughout her life that she is barren while Leah is so fertile. Ultimately, Rachel gives birth to Joseph and dies in childbirth with Benjamin. Rachel is remembered as compassionate (she is said to still weep for her children), and infertile women often invoke Rachel as a kind of intercessor and visit her tomb on the road to Bethlehem. Adler’s Lit. Covenant. Judaism is defined by the covenant - the contract between the Jewish people and God. God promises to make us abundant and to give us the land of Israel; we promise to obey God's commandments. This covenant begins with Abraham and is reiterated throughout the Torah. A brit milah, literally a covenant of circumcision, is often simply called a brit or bris. Ahuvim as well as words of our own and the Lieberman clause.
During the Ketubah signing before the ceremony, the eidim (witnesses) who signed our ketubah signed an additional document, a t’nai (conditional statement) that read:
“This t’nai stipulates that when conditions are safe to do so, we will gather with our families and communities to circle each other seven times, recite the Seven blessings with which the bride and groom are blessed at their wedding. Also refers to the seven days of celebration following the wedding, during which the seven blessings are recited at every meal at which there is a minyan of ten Jews and there is at least one guest who was not present at the wedding., break a glass, sing, dance, and eat.”
We then had a Lit. Covering (Yiddish) The act of veiling the bride by the groom. and were walked down the aisle by our parents. (As noted above, we did not circle each other, recite sheva brakhot, or break a glass under the Marriage canopy symbolizing the couple's new home.. Those are all rituals we chose to save for our larger, communal celebration. Some were replaced by rituals listed below.) All aspects of the ceremony were recited by our parents and siblings under the huppah:
Barukh haba, brukhah haba’ah, mi adir
Boreh pri hagafen, birkat eirusin
Exchanging of rings
Parents break plate**
* Though there are various options for The first part of the traditional wedding service in which the groom acquires the bride by giving her a small token, usually a ring, and declaring that she is betrothed to him according to Mosaic law. Today, most non-Orthodox couples have made this ceremony egalitarian, exchanging rings and empowering the bride to speak too. Some, disliking the property aspects of the ceremony, have dispensed with it altogether, substituting a brit shutafut – a partnership covenant., the betrothal ceremony (and valid reasons to forego Kiddushin), The second part of the wedding ceremony during which the seven blessings are read., the marriage ceremony, is less clearly defined by our sages. Today, Nissuin is traditionally enacted by reciting the sheva brakhot. Different interpretations, however, allow for Nissuin to be enacted through a variety of means including the bedeken, walking under the huppah, the groom entering the bride’s father’s home, and sexual intercourse.
Rather than let Nissuin happen on its own, we wanted to be able to mark Nissuin under the huppah. However, because we view the nature of the sheva brakhot to be communal, it was important to us that we recite the sheva brakhot before our whole community during our communal celebration. Therefore, instead of the sheva brakhot, our siblings recited three blessings from Eretz Yisrael that pre-date the sheva brakhot but follow a similar formulation.
Note the subtle differences between these blessings and the traditional sheva brakhot. They read:
ברוך אתה ה’ אמ”ה אשר יצר את האדם בצלמו, בצלם דמות תבניתו, והתקין ממנו בנין עדי עד. ברוך אתה ה’ יוצר האדם
Blessed are you, God, Ruler of the Universe, who created the human in God’s image, in the image of God’s likeness God fashioned human’s form, and established from God an everlasting edifice. Blessed are you, God, creator of the human.
שמח תשמח רעים אהובים, כשמחך יצירך בגן עדן מקדם. בא”ה משמח עמו ובונה ירושלים (או “משמח עמו ועירו”).
Grant full joy to these loving companions, as you did your creations in the Garden of Eden. Blessed are you God who gives joy to your nation and builds Lit. City of peace From the time of David to the Roman destruction, Jerusalem was the capital of Israel and the spiritual and governmental center of the Jewish people. During the long exile, Jews longed to return to Jerusalem and wrote poems, prayers, and songs about the beloved city. In 1967, with the capture of the Old City, Jerusalem was reunited, becoming "the eternal capital of Israel." Still, the longing for peace is unfulfilled. (or, who gives joy to your nation and your city).
בא”ה אמ”ה אשר ברא ששון ושמחה, חתן וכלה, גילה ורנה, דיצה וחדווה, אהבה ואחווה, שלום ורעות. בא”ה מצליח חתן עם הכלה
Blessed are you God, creator of the universe who created joy and gladness, bridegroom and bride, happiness and jubilation, cheer and delight, love, fellowship, peace, and friendship. Blessed are you God who grants success to the bridegroom and bride.
** Though t’naim, conditional statements, are not halachically mandated, it is traditional for parents of a couple to write or recite t’naim when a couple becomes engaged. To symbolize the binding nature of the t’naim, parents (traditionally the mothers) of the couple break a plate. Breaking a plate has a similar symbolic significance to breaking a glass under the huppah. It serves as a reminder that even in our most joyous moments, we must keep in mind the pain and suffering that exists around us. To close the ceremony, rather than break a glass, our parents broke a plate.