Glossary beginning with O

Omer

From the second day of Passover until Shavuot, Jews count seven weeks – seven times seven days – to commemorate the period between the Exodus from Egypt and the Revelation at Sinai. When the Temple stood, a certain measure (omer) of barley was offered on the altar each day; today, we merely count out the days.

Oneg Shabbat

Lit. The delight of Shabbat.

Connotes both activities done to enhance the pleasure of Shabbat – food, wine, and sex – as well as the cookies and cakes commonly served Friday night or Saturday morning following prayer services.